A Happy Ending :: West Des Moines Bee Ordinance Update

Slightly over one year ago, my city of West Des Moines passed its beekeeping ordinance. I thought it was time for a check-in. Things are pretty much the same as before the ordinance was amended – very quiet. There has been one inquiry that I know of, and the beekeeper in question is letting me share his story here.

For background, the City examined beekeeping with respect to its zoning ordinance for approximately one year as a response to a resident who wanted bees in his backyard. I was asked to join him and help legalize beekeeping in residential zoning areas. At the time, beekeeping was allowed in properties zoned for Ag and Open Space, and these properties were very limited. Staff explored the idea with the elect and those appointed to commissions, boards, and subcommittees; beekeepers, the state apiarist, and other advocates were also at the table. Staff did a fair amount of research. They also did a media push – something along the lines of “West Des Moines might allow bees” — and received no negative feedback. It should be noted that no complaints about beekeeping had been filed before this time.

A beekeeping ordinance was passed on April 4, 2016 (minutes are here: link and the actual code is here: link)

I am a little sad that Hadrian, the man who originally asked for the amendment, had moved out of town by the time it passed. However, I am pleased and very appreciative of the support and enthusiasm of the teachers and local beekeepers who shared their time, photographs, passion, knowledge of local government procedures, stories, and information to get the ordinance changed. I am also thankful that my beginning beekeeping students were understanding when I put them with a substitute teacher so I could attend council meetings, and to staff, who knew how to get the timing right as well as initiating the amendment (because the fee could have been an obstacle if resident-initiated).

Travis, a WDM resident, waited for the ordinance to pass before having bees in his backyard, and was living his life. He worked a full-time job, and had a family and a dog. And a beehive with honey bees. He enjoyed life very much. His accommodating next door neighbor Susie didn’t want him to use the flyway barrier that the ordinance called for because she wanted bees and pollination in her yard. In fact, she joined the fun and got her own bees in 2017.

Being the responsible beekeeper that he is, in 2017, Travis had been monitoring his hive and knew that the colony would need more space in the near future or it would swarm. A swarm is a natural occurrence that happens in spring when the population, which shrank over winter, has an explosive boom. This boom causes crowding and the hive’s instinct is to split into two – one half of the bees stay in the hive and the other half leaves as a swarm. But as he was living his life, the bees didn’t consult with him before he left town – Susie called one day to say that his hive had swarmed and she didn’t know what to do.

At this point, my daughter, my family’s original beekeeper, and I got the swarm from Travis’s backyard neighbor’s lilac bush. The backyard neighbor and his neighbor were fans – the families watched us move the swarm, and chatted with us the entire time; Susie lent a helping hand and a pair of loppers. The backyard neighbor thought it might be fun to veil up and join Travis in a future hive inspection. My daughter and I successfully moved the swarm out of town.

When Travis returned home, he “supered up,” or added empty box(es) to his hive that would accommodate a growing bee population. This neighborhood, like many, has “that neighbor,” and that neighbor happened to live on the other side of Travis’s house. “That neighbor” saw this supering up from inside his house, took a photograph, sent it to the city, and asked for clarification on the ordinance – did the number of boxes in the stack each count as one hive? He wasn’t complaining, just making sure that the law was being followed. Here is the photo:

This hive is in compliance with a length of 6′ high fence, and sitting 25′ away from main structures on neighboring lots. Also note that the keeper is able to conduct every day activities around the yard with a hive present, like take things in and out of a shed, mow the lawn, etc.

The city planner, who researched and worked with everyone to draft the ordinance, called me after receiving the photo, and asked what the definition of a hive was. For the record, one stack, regardless of height, constitutes one hive. Height was a question at a commission meeting. The beekeepers were emphatic that best practices such as supering up be allowed in the name of responsible swarm prevention. Travis’s story illustrates the need for flexibility in hive height very well. (On the flip side, shortening the stack of boxes in winter increases the chances of sustainability.)

Being responsible, the beekeeper divided the colony between two sets of boxes. You can see the neighbor’s hive in the background.

Susie and Travis both had Community Compliance inspectors visit their backyards as a follow up to the inquiring neighbor. My son and I were invited to stop for a short bit, and it was honestly humorous for me to stand back and see six people, no veils in sight, standing about two foot from the hives. There was activity in and out of the hives, and no one was being harmed. There was no nuisance. There was compliance with flyway barriers and setbacks to that neighbor’s property.

This story had a happy ending. The swarm was caught and re-hived with interested onlookers. Everyone was in compliance. The residents are all enjoying their property and the bees are thriving in place.

Here is the neighbor’s hive in late June. It was installed in April 2017.

To read more about how I personally got involved in local government, read here: link

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Expanding with the season

bee hives at charlie's house

I could tell that the hive on the left got the queen after I split the hive. The hive on the right did not have a queen, so it will lag behind its sister by about one month.

It’s been busy in the bee yards. I began the season by assisting in a bee equipment auction. On the way home, I inspected, and then split, a hive. This means that I had one hive upon arrival, then after I looked inside of it, I saw so many bees that I decided to split, or divide, the colony into two separate boxes. Hive count: 2

honey bees, swarm

Once most of the bees were moved, I saw the board had white wax  flakes on it (the rightmost photo), which means the bees wanted to make a home there.

I also took three swarm calls for myself. This is my first year of not being administrator of a swarm call list and that has been wonderful for me. The most recent iteration of the swarm call list is much much easier to deal with now that smart phones with cameras are widespread. Hive count: 5

bee tree, storm damage

Once the skies dried up and we had some daylight, I was able to clearly see how much length I was dealing with.

There was also a bee tree that came down during a rainy period. Removing the bees and their comb wasn’t ideal with the tough weather and other constraints, so I combined the bees from the tree with a swarm. Like the one above, this swarm began to build comb on the leaves of the skinny little tree. Hive count: 5 (still)

#bees, swarm

This swarm of bees came to rest in a very young tree in a new, resource-deprived development.

I’ve melted almost half of the comb from the tree with my solar melter:

beeswax, solar melter

Warm, sunny days are good for bees and for processing beeswax

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